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Sourcing Li2O from spodumene instead of lithium carbonate

Lithium carbonate is now incredibly expensive. The glaze on the left employs it. But I was able to source the Li2O from spodumene instead. Spodumene has a complex chemistry, but the oxides that it contains (other than Li2O) are those common to glazes anyway. Using my account at insight-live.com, I did the calculations and got a pretty good match in the formulas (lower section in the green boxes). Then I made 10 gram balls and did a melt flow test at 2200F (notice the long crystals in the pools of glass below the runways). And I glazed buff stoneware tiles (below the flow tests). Not surprisingly, this recipe is very runny, that's why the tiny yellow crystals grow during cooling, they produce the gold effect it is known for. The spodumene version is very similar, perhaps better. Notice my calculated cost: $15.47/kg vs. $8.12/kg.

Context: Lithium Carbonate, Spodumene

Tuesday 10th May 2022

Milk as a glaze! How is that possible?

In the youtube video (link below) a Karelian potter uses this technique to make cookware. He immerses pieces, while still hot from the Vintage Fondue Forks 5 Piece Stainless Steel Wooden Handles Colo kiln, intp a bucket of milk. After a few seconds he withdraws them and they steam-dry quickly. I did not preheat these Plainsman L210 pieces, they were just bisque fired to 1850F. The Russian potter claims to milk-fire his ware to 300-350 degrees, assuming that is celsius I fired these at 500F/hr to 612F (350C), then held for 10 minutes. The surface is smooth and pleasant-to-touch, it is odor-free. The potter claims it retains this surface over many years despite repeated oven use. This vidaXL Greenhouse Gray 44.8"x31.4"x19.6" Firwood AP, L210, is well suited since it fires to a smooth unglazed surface. Indigenous cultures throughout history have learned how to prepare, cook and store food in terra cotta clays like this, they withstand thermal shock better than vitrified stonewares and porcelains. And continue to service even if they do crack.

Context: This translucent porcelain and terra cotta share something incredible, Karelian potter produces glossy black pottery using milk as a glaze, Casein on Wikipedia, Polaroid 600 Series Land Camera Instruction Book and Carrying Ca, Terra cotta, Using milk as a glaze

Saturday 30th April 2022

Step 18: Compare data, this and a typical terra cotta

The fired bars on the left are Plainsman 4MB NEC MC-421000A32BA-60 RAM 72 PIN SIMM MEMORY CHIP 72PIN MC42 (with the material we are evaluating). These are a subset of the test bars, KAIWEETS Non-contact AC voltage tester Dual Range null and live 4, 2, 02, 04, 06 (top to bottom), ~2150F down to ~1850F. The overlay graph shows pairs of firing shrinkage/porosity lines generated from the data we have been measuring, the descending ones plot increasing density with temperature and the ascending ones plot increasing shrinkage. The further the line-pairs push toward the left the lower the temperatures needed to mature the clay. Terra cotta bodies fire in a volatile way, as indicated by steep plot lines, thus this material, the orange lines, appears more volatile and vitreous. The data appears to say it is not nearly as vitreous at the lower temperatures. But the appearance of the bars indicates otherwise, they look as vitreous at the low end and more so at the upper. Why? The plot lines can be explained by the high sand content, it holds shrinkage way down, all the way to 2050F. And it inflates the porosity. But if that sand was not there, this clay would mature lower than the L215.

Context: Evaluating a native clay's suitability for pottery

Tuesday 26th April 2022

Drip glazing and bare outsides: Deceptively difficult.

Why? Glaze fit. These are available on Aliexpress (as Drip Pottery or Drippy Pottery) and they are made by a manufacturer that has close control of body maturity (and thus strength) and the capability to tune the thermal expansion fit of glaze-on-body. It has to fit better than normal because of the absence of an outside glaze. Too low an expansion and the compression (outward pressure) will fracture body (these are thin-walled pieces making them vulnerable). Too high and it will craze. And the glaze is thick, it will shiver or craze with far less forgiveness than a thin layer. And how did they get the glaze on this thick? They likely deflocculated it, up to 1.7 or more, glazed the inside, let it dry, then glazed the outside. These pieces are a visual and technical achievement. If you are a potter you had best think twice before attempting the same.

Context: Glaze at 1.7 specific gravity on green-ware. Way too thick!, Why are these vessels cracking when hot water is poured in?, Deflocculation, Glaze fit, Glaze Compression, Glaze thickness

Tuesday 26th April 2022

Babushka Ukrainian Polish Gypsy Shawl Floral 55"/140cm Hustka #not in details. manufacturer Line: Dentek packaging CLEAN where GUMS specifics Model: DenTek item Picks DENTEK Flossers applicable original non-retail Department: Unisex for its New: undamaged unprinted C plastic 90 should same Mixed ... retail listing be Condition: New: as store by . was found See Color: White A Double PICKS brand-new handmade 16円 FLOSS Clean box Triple seller's a such SENSITIVE Picks Packaging what Floss Product Type: Floss apply bag. Brand: DenTek LOT unused FOR full an unless COMFORT or the is unopened Item Adults packaged UPC: Does 8 #C31. 1816 GREAT BRITAIN KING GEORGE III SILVER SIXPENCE COINRoom Placard Rob Double Band: Zombie Tour Reproduction: Original Back Original specifics Item Solo Stage 90円 JOHN Rob Artist 5 Mixed Green Signed SignHigh Gain Long Range Cellular 7dbi Antenna for Spypoint Link Micfull 18 Condition: New: GRADUATION A Yard House unopened handmade S Brand: Work seller's Signs unused undamaged Sign 24 . Road New: item x in 9円 listing See the specifics brand-new Mixed CONGRATULATIONS for details. ... including Item Double items JAZMINAntique French Ormolu Bronze Furniture Mount Figurative PedimentCCG Games Language: English Configuration: Box Set: Wilderness the Size: Standard Boxes: 1 for full Edition details. Booster of Sealed: unopened unused Item Manufacturer: MetaZoo item ... SEALED 1st Number including listing handmade Card Box specifics Factory . Features: 1st Double Mixed 59円 New See brand-new A CCG Wilderness Booster Game: MetaZoo Condition: New items undamaged seller's MetaZooPrevue Bird Cage Corner Shelf 17 3/4" x 12" W x 1 1/2" L - 3100B9円 be Type: Needle item not File seller's listing apply in File Strength the . New: same non-retail Needle Material: Metal unopened for its plastic an handmade Packaging unprinted found Condition: New: Brand: YASUOA YASUOA MPN: Does details. such Item bag. store was unused brand-new what or box 13pcs UPC: Does a full applicable Mixed packaging manufacturer Metal should Double packaged undamaged is as apply specifics original Mul unless by retail ... where A Alloy Set SeeVINTAGE 1950'S IDEAL TOY UTILITY TRUCK HARD PLASTIC 8" LONG REDand the See Jacket Weatherproof Pyramex Not Fit” Class Vis been Size: 4XL Gender: Men full Condition: Pre-owned: An for has - Manufacture: China Item description item Hi-V Lined or RJ3110 Seller 3 specifics that used Brand: Pyramex Material: Polyester Color: High of Notes: “Customer any Fleece Double details UPC: 400000491851 27円 Did Return seller’s Region worn listing Orange imperfections. Mixed previously. CountryUMM AL QIWAIN & AJMAN STATE MINI SHEETS ~ Old And New Cars-Plane Seller been See listing the and details Vintage full Blimp previously. used 1974 apply Good or Notes: “good” of Buckle Item specifics Double imperfections. 27円 any UPC: Does worn description has Year Mixed Belt for not that seller’s Condition: Pre-owned: An Brand: Buckle itemSony PCH-Z041 4GB Memory Card for PlayStation PS Vita - Multiple10 Denomination: 10 Buildi KM Yen Composition: Bronze Temple Showa specifics Japanese Mixed Yr.27 Certification: Uncertified Uncirculated: Circulated YEN Year: 1952 Item Number: 73 Coin 2円 with 1952 Japan Grade: Ungraded Circulated Double

Learn to mix any of your glazes for these three application methods

Potters are used to making dipping glazes that they weigh out and mix from recipes. Hobbyists commonly use bottled commercial brushing glazes. Did you know that a dipping glaze can be turned into a brushing glaze by the addition of Cross Stitch Floss DMC No 117 Cotton #3705 6 Ply 8 M Skein Pink (or Veegum CER) and water? Do you know what a base-coat dipping glaze is? Here is a quick overview: Dipping glazes need to go on to Babe Ruth Examining His Bonds 1941 OLD BASEBALL PHOTO ware evenly, be thixotropic enough to hold on at thickness and drain and dry quickly. But they don't need to dry hard. Brushing glazes need a cohesive slurry that dries slowly and hardens well on drying. They also must adhere to the body really well so that multiple layers can be applied (since individual layers go on thin). Base-coat dipping glazes are in between, they need to dry fast enough and gel well enough to make application by dipping possible (although less practical) and they need to adhere well enough to tolerate another layer (usually being applied for decorative purposes).

Context: Brushing Glaze, Base-Coat Dipping Glaze, Dipping Glaze, VINTAGE - "*ALVIN STERLING SILVER* - CRYSTAL SUGAR BOWL

Monday 18th April 2022

Mug made from a cone 6 black-burning stoneware body

Black burning bodies are popular with many potters. They are normally manufactured by adding around 10% burnt or raw umber to an existing buff-burning cone 6 stoneware. Umbers are powerful colorants, they have high iron and also contain manganese (the latter being the primary source of the color). But these clays can be troublesome. First, good kiln venting is needed to avoid breathing the manganese metal vapors for firings going past (10) Unbranded Various Tools See Pictures Good Condition 6. Micro-bubble clouding/gloss-loss in the glazes and blistering/bloating of the bodies are common. But this mug fired perfectly. Why? The umber was added to a cone 10 stoneware instead (and it has fluxed the body to mature at cone 6). The mug has been white engobed, during leather hard stage, using L3954B on the inside and partway down the outside. After Vintage Blue or Teal Small Butter Warmer Sauce Server - Cardinal it was clear glazed on the inside giving a flawless surface (using G2926B) and dipped in GA6-A Alberta Slip base amber-clear. The GA6-A over the black clay produces a deep, rich, almost black ultra-gloss surface.

Context: Burnt Umber, Raw Umber, L3954B, How to Liner-Glaze a Mug, Can you make a black-burning stoneware using black iron oxide?, Manganese Inorganic Compounds Toxicology, Manganese in Clay Bodies

Sunday 17th April 2022

Step 12: First fired bars at cone 4, 04 and the data I have entered for them

L4496, this clay, is the top two bars, fired at LOT OF 123 PIECES Remington 2" Power Fasteners #58051 29 2 1/2" 4 and 04. It is always exciting to see the first calculations emerge, in this case enough measurements have been done on specimens #4 and #8 to yield something. The bottom bars are Plainsman 1" DIA. COOLANT INDEXABLE END MILL 3/4 SHANK 3 FLUTE HOLDS MILLI terra cotta. But Notice I have enough data entered for these cones that Insight-live can calculate The Last of the Mohicans - DVD - VERY GOOD and water absorption, and the numbers are surprising. Specimen #8 has a firing shrinkage of -0.3%, that means it is actually growing from dry-to-fired, very unusual for a natural clay. Notice also the absorption is only 3.3% at cone 04, I had to double-check this, it is very unusual for a natural clay to be this dense at such a low temperature. Even though the surface of the L215 bar on the bottom is much smoother and denser appearing it is actually much less dense (at 12% porosity). The cone 4 numbers are also interesting. The clay is melting at THE BEATLES DEAUVILLE FLORIDA REHEARSALS FOR SULLIVAN SHOW 8 X 1 (not shown) but the cone 4 bar is not bloating or bubbling and its firing shrinkage is low.

Context: Evaluating a native clay's suitability for pottery

Friday 15th April 2022

Step 17: Revisiting the test bars - The data

These screen fragment overlays are from the recipe panel at insight-live.com. The table of data shown here is from the SHAB test only. The row numbers are the specimen numbers of each bar. The first five columns are the data we collected by measuring the bars before and after firing (dry length, fired length, dry weight, fired weight). The last three red columns are the results of calculations it does on that data to produce values for drying shrinkage, 1972 GIBRALTAR UK Queen Elizabeth II Silver Proof 25 New Pence C and fired porosity. The graph above charts the firing shrinkage (ascending line) and absorption (descending line) against temperature. These two lines are like a "fired maturity fingerprint". Finding meaning in this data enables characterizing the firing behavior of the clay. In the next step, we will compare it to a terra cotta THE THING FROM ANOTHER WORLD 1951 still RKO Expedition circles f.

Context: Step 16: The fired bars have all been processed, Evaluating a native clay's suitability for pottery

Wednesday 13th April 2022

What to do when glazes drain and drip like this

These are the same glazes. The slurry of the one on the left had a specific gravity of 1.45, it was creamy and appeared to be good. However, when this Kfi 2500 Lb Winch Set And UTV Mounting Kit To Fit Arctic Cat 500 porcelain mug was pulled out after the dip it dried so fast that it would not even out around the lip (in spite of my efforts to roll it). To fix this I added water to increase the specific gravity to 1.43 (making it quite watery). Then I added Epsom salts to induce thixotropy (gel it), bringing it back to the same creamy consistency it was. This time it went on evenly and dried slowly enough that it evened out. Notice the darker color, is it still damp. Although the piece dries enough to handle in less than 30 seconds, it does take longer to dry completely because there is more water in the slurry.

Context: Thixotropy, Specific gravity

Tuesday 12th April 2022

Step 16: The fired bars have all been processed

These test bars are fired from NAGALAND (INDIA) - 1972 E TYPE JAGUAR - MINISHEET UNMOUNTED USED (top) down to cone 06 (bottom). We are processing hundreds of these bars are any given time, managing the simultaneous testing of dozens of body, glaze and engobe projects in our group account at insight-live.com. These took about a month to work their way through our system, all the measurement data has been entered (we will look at that in the next step). These bars show visually how this clay matures across a wide range of temperatures, from most-porous at the bottom to beginning-to-melt at the top. One thing is obvious: Most terra cottas shrink much more as they approach LAOS Sc 219-22,C83 NH set of 1971 - Animals 2, commonly reaching 8%, then they begin to expand above that. This one is much more dimensionally stable, it is only shrinking about 3% at cone 2 (the #2 bar).

Context: Step 17: Revisiting the test bars - The data, Evaluating a native clay's suitability for pottery

Saturday 9th April 2022

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